%

~'THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR

|

BOSTON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1958

** ATLANTIC EDITION

seroup Mn FIVE CENTS

Lyman W. Fisher, Staff Photographer

Going, Going

One final glint of gold, which once rose only to | the glare of footlights, now twinkles faintly in the light of day as Boston's beloved Opera House bows to the swinging ball of demolition,

. « » Boston’s Once Glorious ‘Lyric Temple’ Yields Ignominiously to Wrecker’s Hammer

Sold suddenly

last September to a construction company

by the ——

Shubert interests, the hall will be superseded by-a campus. building of Northeastern heartless rubble of torn ticket stubs, crushed marble. and trampled crimson carpet gives opera levers a for

twinge. Boxes and balconies,

ee ee eee

Bay State W ithholding Levy?

Tax Plan Hinged to Senate

By Edgar M. Mills

New England Political Editor of The Christian Science Monitor

The withholding tax contro- versy is far from settled.

Although the general feeling on’ Beacon Hill indicates passage this year, it will be attained only if Governor Furcolo exerts fullest gubernatorial pressure in the Senate.

The Republican-controlled up- per branch is the key. A. with- hoiding system for coilection of the state personal income tax lost in the Senate last year by three votes after easy House passage. Actually the true mar- gin was only one vote because Senator John E. Powers (D) of Boston, Senate minority leader, had two more votes in his pocket to use, if he could have swung the third.

With the Governor to put behind the

now ready w withholding

tax the full steam of the gov- ernor’s office, unlike his luke- warm . approach last year, the Senate may be swung into line The opposition is strongly vocal. however, although budget. fac- tors may finally produce the votes needed.

Much depends on the budget itself. If the House Committee

Beacon Hill Views

on Ways and Means can slash it heavily to eliminate the need for new revenue in the next fis- cal year, or reduce the revenue need substantialivy, the with- holding tax. could be side- tracked.

If the budget is not cut heav- ilv and new revenue is required

Manned Satellite Seen Realistic Goal

By Robert C. Cowen

Natural Science Editor of The Christian Science Monitor

New York

How close is-the United States to manned space flight?

No one at the meeting here of the American Astronautical! Association is ready to give a timetable for this achievement. But the consensus is that enough already is known to start a fast- paced manned satellite project today.

Remaining problems would in all likelihood be solved in timely” fashion as the project moved toward the goal of launching a recoverable manned “space ship” a few years hence.

This estimate sums up the status of American space flight re-earch today.

Rocket motors and launching techniques, equipment for keep- ing a man alive in space for at least a few hours and solutions to the complicated problems of . bringing the vehicle safely back have reached a stage where a manned satellite project could now be organized and begun. More research is needed. But this could be done while the project is under way

At a press--conference, Dr. Fred Riddell of Avco Research Laboratories remarked that such a project would be the next big step forward in space flight technology.

The ‘Great Adventure’

Launching of more elaborate unmanned satellites and of un- manned moon rockets wil] be useful auxiliary projects. But these are essentially follow-ups of the earlier sputniks. They are not the direct line of advance to the great adventure that wil! carry men to the moon and eventually to the planets

Significant progress in this di- rection is waiting on the suc- cesstul reentry into the €arth’s atmosphere of a manned satel- lite.

This must be a vehicle‘ that wont be destroyed by at- mospheric friction and that can be landed within a reasonably sized target area, say within a few hundred miles of a chosen spot.

Asked when this could be ac- complished, Dr. Riddell refused to speculate on a timetable. But he said that “most of the basic information for manned reentry is available. A start could be mace on the project right now.”

Dr. Riddell outlined four areas where more information is necded. These are the effects of a space environment on suitably protected humans: effects of meteors on space ships: effects of weightlessness, and the ex-

act composition and density of the very high atmosphere.

The Soviet sputniks are fur- nishing us with new data on meteors and the upper air. As more unmanned satellites are launched, Dr. Riddell said that the information needed in these two areas should be quickly gathered. He expects other needed data wil!) obtained.

How would a manned satellite be recovered? One way might be through use of wings or some other sort of lifting surface. Once the ship had slowed down enough to enter the denser air, these would enable it to operate like a glider.

Different Principles A second and quite different,

would be to use the drag | | : | tax bill arrives annually.

way

of the air the main

itself as

controlling. force on the satellite. | In this system, drag or friction | forces, perhaps controlled some- |

what by the pilot, would be the

in factor determining where | & | number of such returns totaled

the ship would land.

The essential difference be- | 1956. Mr.

tween the two systems is the difference between using aero- dynamic forces like those that provide lift for ordinary air- planes and sole reliance on the retarding effects of the air.

A parachute is a simple ex- ample of a drag type system. However, of controlled reentry of a sat@- lite cannot be directly compared to the gentle fall of a body supported by a parachute.

But regardless of what type of system is used, the essential fac- tor in control will be to start re- entry at the right point along the satellite’s flight path. A badly timed reentry could mean an unintentional landing at the North Pole.

As mentioned préviously, these and other needed data are being gathered at an increasing rate. [It should be pointed out, how- ever, that the progress in space research reported here is not a purposeful coordinated program.

The know-how needed to or- ganize a manned satellite proj-

ect is currently scattered around |

the country in a variety of lab-

oratories and projects supported |

by different government agen- cies or industrial companies.

It would take a top-level gov- ernment decision to organize these resources into a coherent program. But if that decision should, be taken and any ham- pering, interagency rivalries overcome, the necessary experts are eager and waiting.

One of a series.

+ Corporations and

| make it possible to balance | State

the complex problem |

MacDonald Raps Plan

| show

aiance it probabls ion veal

in large amounts to b the withholding will be voted as an elect stopgap by legislators preferring that approach to one invoiving new taxes

The withholding ti: provide 17 million doliai windfall revenue for the budget because of overlapping payments between Jan. 1, 1959. and April 15, 1959, and a sub- stantially higher windfall for cit- ies and towns in connection with their share of income tax receipts.

The Jan. 30 public hearing be- fore the Legislative Commit- tee on Taxation on the with- holding plan somewhat weak- ened the proponents’ drive. Op- ponents were quick to seize on the admission by Joseph P Healey, State Commissioner o Taxation, that the increased revenue expected above the windfall would -be only about 1 to 2 million dol- lars a year, with a good part of that to be overset by depart- ment collection costs and pro- posed rebates to employers to cover expenses involved.

Mr. ‘Healey, however, insisted that regardless of the size of the revenue increase: the withhold- ing system is highly important as a means of assuring each tax- payer that his next-door neigh- bor is paying his state income taxes due.

> 4 La A

7x

Advantages Cited

tne with-

But primarily, as of now. chief state advantage system windfall

of a

holding to be

that its

appears feature would the next -fiscal amount ol

budget in the year without a major new taxation.

The other major advantags would be to the taxpayer who now finds it difficult to produce the lump sum needed April 15 to pay his income tax in full, By having weekly deductions taken from his envelope, the taxpayer would be current with his tax liabilities, generally, when the

To the state another chief advantage would be elimination of the growing problem caused

for the amount due. In 1957 the 103,000 compared with .64,000 in Healey reported the billing costs as substantial.

On the other hand, business and industry, as well the Massachusetts Federation of Taxpayers Associations are stil] lined up against the plan as financially unprodu@ive and costly to industry.

as

William J. Malloy, counsel for the Greater Chamber of Commerce, told the committee that until the department exhausts all! the tentials its aimed at better and stricter enforcement, tion of the withholding sion would be a mistake.”

Jarvis Hunt, general counsel! of the Associated Industries of Massachusetts, said his organiza-

legislative Boston

tax po- in current program administration “adop- provi-

| tion remains opposed to the plan

until figures are produced to

the yield

try are convinced that they would be fully compensated for their expenses.

The biggest opposition Sat

was laid down by Norman Mac- :

Donald, executive director of the Massachusetts Federation of Taxpayers Associations. While Mr. Healey insisted the with- holding system. would ensnare the floating worker who works for a time in Massachusetts and then leaves the state without fil- ing or paying an income-tax, Mr. MacDonald ‘sharply disagreed.

University... A

sed’ | here by thousands of taxpayers filing | returns and waiting to be billed |

would warrant | | the cost and business and indus-

48 vears | pany

| filled with the voices of grand opera's greats. look straight out upon a living street scene—a _ Bos- ton which as yet has made no provision for replac- ing its storied opera house. The Metropolitan Com- will be housed in a movie theater this spring.

now

Strauss Backs Atom Bill

By the Associated Press

Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Lewis L. President Eisenhower has no stockpiles of nuclear weapons

atomic bars.

Washington

Strauss says intention of swelling foreign by lowering United States

A Senate-House atomic energy subcommittee has made avail- able portions of Mr. Strauss’ testimony at secret meetings. In

that testimony

Mr. Strauss supported administration proposals

for freer exchange of weapons information and for providing

allies with atomic raw

weapons.

materials and nonnuclear portions of

While the administration is asking removal of present legal bans on giving other nations nuclear materials for weapons pro-

duction, Mr. Strauss said,

“It is not intended under this au-

thority-te promote the entry of additional nations into the ficid of nuclear weapons production, nor to promote the build-up of larger atomic stockpiles in the hands of other nations.”

He said when an ally is building up to a previously set goal, and when it is stretching its resources to produce nuclear mate-

rials,

“the United States might foreclose such waste effort by

furnishing materials under suitable arrangements.”

less 1930's.

Washington is taking a long,

President Eisenhowe! ,campaign on

Harlow H. ¢ ‘should begin ‘the economy. | Washington is weighing 'watches the business indices

Curtice.,

cons idet ing an

The economic situation will be a big congressional! ' 2 = > . - improve promptly,—it

| Mr. Eisenhower's to Republicans,

“The economy,”

; ' ; '

“five years of prosperity” president of Genera!

ine

the President said,

By Richard L. Strout

Motors. across-the-board tax cut

Eisenhower-Curtice

rs felt here. encouraging words his State of the Union Message, budget message, and economic report. ‘is catching its breath for a new advance after the

are similar to those

British Trade Lags Ships Creak in Port

By John Allan May Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

London If you go down any of the great estuaries of Britain these

| days—the Clyde, London River, the Severn, Falmouth—you will

filled with Their lines fade even- in the rain

moorings idle ships. stretch away and tuallvy_as shadows and mist

Right now there are more tramp ships and tankers laid up in the ports of this island of ships than ever since the job-

see the silent,

Moorings, indeed, are so hard to get for unemployed ships that the government has had to step in and make available some Ministry of ‘Transport moorings. The Admiralty may be asked to open up Navy berths to commercial ship own-

ers.

Two Factors Blamed

Falling treight of trade are blamed state of affairs, which Britons fo underline important lesson

That the first need for Western world is prosperity.

Here is the way the situation appears in Britain:

The West cannot less than prosperity.

and lack for this seems. to one very

rates

the

settle for Here is a

State of the Nations

Summit. Arms. and

Kconomics

By JOSEPH C.

The total number of per- sons who planned, put to- gether, and for some two years have been operating ZETA— Britain's device for -using hydrogen as the fuel of the future—is .50

ZETA’s successor, which should be the second from last step to actual production of power from sea water, estimated at less than 30 mil- lion dollars. The actual power-

is

‘producing installation at the

end of the road may cost much more, but still be in small fig- ures in terms of the energy which should be obtained.

ee See

Figures such as these give some idea of what the econo- mies. of modern countries will probably be built around in a future which may not be so very far away, ZETA’s suc- cessors should produce elec- tric energy from the almost limitless supplies of natural water for very much less than the present cost of getting power from coal or oil

Of course, there will still be uses for coal and oil, But is a new factor which must be fitted into the theories about economics, It is one of many emerging new factors which make it increasingly difficult to forecast the future in terms of the experience of the past.

Another one is the economic effect of arms for defense or war. Wars down through the Korean conflict were fought largely with infantry wearing uniforms and using weapons which consumed vast quan- tities of raw materials, pro- vided employment for mil- lons, and developed new in- dustries in the process,

Britains industrial revolu- tion of the 19th century was spurred by the war eflort of the Napoleonic period. The modern United States indus- trial complex was also given strong impetus during the Civil War and came into its

present scope and stature out

of World Wars I and II. Many an economist attributes the long duration of’ the post-

‘World War II economic boom

throughout the Western world to the expansion of industry

‘during the Kdévrean war.

There. are optimists who think that the summit confer- ence now almost certain to take place this year will make some headway in the-area of arms control and limitation, Perhaps they are right, One can always hope. But whether

‘or not the prospective sum-

mit conference of 1958 brings

January 31, 1958

some measure of disarmament, we can be sure that progress or no progress will make rela- tively little difference to the economies of Western coun- tries,

Defense in the Atomic Age increasingly means fewer men wearing uniforms and han- dling rifles, machine guns, and conventional artillery, On the contrary, it means rela- tively few men, as at the atomic energy research center

‘You—Whiz, Click— May Go Home?

at Harwell, England, making

highly complex and highly | destructive weapons use relatively little steel or

the other classic ingredients |

of weapons.

50 we must downgrade drastically the importance of defense projects, whether large or small, to the state of an economy. In times past, a big defense budget could be an antidote to softness in the economy. We are moving into an era in which this factor de- clines sharply.

We have been living eve: since World War II in an eco- nomic environment dominated by the concept of full em- ployment. We have had infla- tion with full employment Whether the two are sep- arable is a matter much de- bated by economists. Perhaps they can be separated, but no country has yet been able to prove it by an experience record,

The British Goyernment, which pioneered for the West in attempted full employment, now is trying very hard to separate it from inflation. It’s a fascinating experiment. One hopes it can work. But along with the check to inflation has come a leveling off in eco- nomic growth, And-~ econo- mists are not sure whether the two trends are related or only coincidental.

Are the economies of the

HARSCH, Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

whole Western world leveling off because production ca- pacity has outstripped con- suming capacity or because governments have become cautious and have. practiced disinflationary devices? There is wide disagreement.

ee oe

Call it a pause for regroup- ing, or a healthy adjustment or a breathing spell, or what vou will. The blush is off the boom and the boom probably will not be revived by de- fense programs even if this

year’s summit conference produces no disarmament.

We shall find out what hap- pens. to..Western economies under -such conditions, and there are no precedents to fit these precise conditions

This reporter—no econo- mist he—will merely quote a leading expert as saying that the best thing that could hap- pen would be a 10 per cent decline lasting about 18 months during which time the rising needs or rising popula- tions would take up the slack in demand for what modern Western industry can produce.

dramatic illustration of the point that the West simply cannot overcome its problems with “hard tack and sputniks.”

Economics beats space travel! continuing importance. And

major economic problem that the West has yet to over- come that of combining a steady price level with expand- ing trade. Inflation is no answer. Slump is obviously no answer. But static trade, the mere main- tenance of standards of living, is no answer either.

Production Holds Up

While the cold ships ride high and gray at their moorings in the shallows, it is good to know, from figures issued by the Cen- tral Statistical Office, that Brit- ish industrial production is maintaining its highest ever level of activity.

This high level has been maintained for three years. It has not been expanded. Appar- entiv there is the rub

Britain, in fact,-is-finding-theat it could have a very high level of production and “distressed areas” at one and the same time. The car industry is set for new records, But ships are idle. Workers are being laid off in Lancashire.

It could have very high wages and yet simultaneously face the possibility of unemployment.

What Britain needs now—like any other industrial or trading nation—is customers.

But it particularly needs more prosperous customers.

These days one can't stay rich when others are poor; one’s wealth depends upon his neigh- bor becoming increasingly well off

Thus three things in particu- lar are important-to the West:

l. That the United States enjoy prosperity.

2. That Europe share it

3. That the underdeveloped countries, too, now be cut in on it.

in the

is

U.S. Role Stressed

Clearly, the Western world needs an America that is in a buying mood. It wants to sell the United States its copper, its zinc, its rubber, its cocoa, its cars, airplanes, its fabrics, its fashions, its mountains, its beaches, its charm, everything.

An austere America dedicated to plain living and to outer space would certainly ruin it.

But eqrratiy the Western world needs now to see a beginning to the solution of the problem of underdeveloped countries. While industrial expansion red new _wWealth into one part of the West, it failed to share it adequately with farmlands and forestlands be- low. the equator. Now falling prices for food and raw n terials, reficcted here in falling freight rates as well as lower import prices, could actually threatén to impoverish the un- derdeveloped or nonindustrial lands.

iis

DOU

a-

statements

election

which |

Snowfall Recor

et

In Burlington, Vt.

The World's

Day

New England: January Total Tops 33 Inches

A record for total snow in January was set in Burlington, Vt.. 75-year-old record made in

33 inches, beating a

is still snowing. Burlington has had almost

month as it did all last $34,133,200 contract for destrovers —believed to be was awarded to the information the Robert Hale (R)

year.

United of Maine

The First Naval District has announced that Rea:

A. Snackenberg, USN, commandant chief Group to the Netherlands in

and a halt. will become

Advisory

construction in this class of Bath Lron States

at and it this

1954 ——— as much snow

guided missile vessel so armed

Maine, according to gave Representative

of two Works of Navy

Admiral John three years Assistant

the last Military

April.

[o1

oO} tne

National: N.Y. Police Post Men at Schools

The New York Police Department is posting-patrolmen at 41 schools to cope with upswing in teen-age violence.

Europe: Partial Home Rule for Algeria Voted

The French national Assembly

passed a modified bill giving

Algeria partia] home rule. Algerian rebel leaders have rejected

it in advance.

Washington: President Flies to Georgia

‘President Eisenhower flies to ‘Georgia today

for “a little rest

and some sun, in addition to what work there will be to do.” He will return to W ashington Feb. 2.

Weather Predictions: C older Tonight (Page 2) Art, Music, Theater; Page 5. Radio, FM, TV: Page 10

9,800,000 for _ prospect for 1958 is substantially

Curtice Tax-Cut Plea Ignites Fiscal Debate

Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Washington

new look at the business situation. told the Republican National Committee this fall in spite of the current recession.

told a Senate committee that- Congress “to stimulate business confidence”

here that the GOP can

in

against each other as it

issue this fall unless things

of his Jan, 20 Chicago speech

fast expansion of recent vears.”’ and he reiterated that the tide will turn in midsum- mer and denounced what he termed “prophets of gloom and doom.”

Congress Jolted

Mr. Curtice’s tax recommen- dation, coming’from the source it did, caused a deep stir here. It is bound to have protracted echoes.

To ask Congress to cut taxes at this precise political-economic juncture_is..like dropping a match into a barrel of excelsior,

Mr. Curtice speaks with the weight of the head of America’s biggest industrial corporation and from the citadel! of free en- terprise—the Detroit automobile industry.

He said Congress should con- sider lowering taxes “this ses- sion” in order “to stimulate con- fidence” in the nation’s economy. This should be done, he said, be- cause “people today are some- what cautious” in buying.

People have money to spend if they will spend it, Mr, Curtice said. “It isn’t the shortage of dis- posable income.” He cited the tax cut of 1954 and said that in spite of it the budget was bal- anced “with a surplus.”

Confidence Reasserted

Administrative economists have heretofore opposed anti- recessionary tax cuts .on the ground that the situation did not require them.

“The forces of growth may be expected to reassert them- selves later in the year,” Mr. Eisenhower said. “because the American economy remains basically strong and the Amer- ican people remain basically confident.”

Mr. Curtice did not contradict this, But he did propose a rem- edy which, in academic circles at least, would be offered only in a serious situation.

Despite Mr. Curtice’s allusion to the balanced budget in 1954 after a tax cut, the situation in 1958 is not considered parallel.

Burns Plan Outlined

An across-the-board tax cut now, it is felt here, would al- most certainly result in a deficit. because the budget is already in precarious balance.

Dr. Arthur E. Burns, former chief economic adviser of Presi- dent Eisenhower, put down a tax cut as a second line of de- fense against a business reces- $10Nn.

In a new Without Savs,

“The emphasis at the start of a recession should ordinarily be on the easing of credit condi- tions, later on tax reductions for both individuals and business. still later on rescheduling of federal expenditure—and—onlv as a last resort—on large pub- lic-works programs,”

Dr.. Burns solemniv warns against temporrzing with a re- cession once public anxiety be- gins to spread.

The administration has fu]- filled the first part of the Burns formula by moving out to com- bat the current business read- justment by relaxation of credit, but it has avoided tax reduc- tions.

Defense orders are also being prepared, which might be listed

book, Inflation,”

“Prosperity Dr. Burns

'as No. 3 of the Burns formula.

But to propose tax reductions now would evidently be inter- preted as meaning a graver view of the business situation than any official connected with the administration is prepared to take.

Big-Auto Sales Sag

The administration cur- rently taking a drubbing from \spokesmen of managément, ag- riculture, and labor testifying before the congressional commit - tees, These spokesmen follow, in turn, representative econo- mists, Their consensus on the business situation seems to. be considerably less hopeful than that of the administration

Passenger-car sales in Detroit have cx approximately as fol- lows: 7,200,000 in 1955, 6,000,- 000 in “1956, and an estimated 1957. The present

is

under 1957, judging by the com-

| parative figures at the introduc-

uuon of new models.

Mr. Curtice rejected the idea that a cut in car Prices would eliminate What he called con- sumer “caution” in buyin

Some observers have a ent interpretation,

They see,.a “buyer strike” against big, high-priced cars They ask if Detroit has missed the market, Small-car imports are sw elling and American Mo- a is increasing sales of its

. ; ; Sera

The big- -car index of sales is presently going down. The small-car index is going up.

fler-

2ee .

,

THE CHRISTIAN

.

SCIENCE MON

fe

—-

- se

- Russian Researeh Center Hailed

Scholars Celebrate in Hub

By Earl W. Feell Sta? Writer oj . The Christian Science Monitor Cambridge, Mass.

To an insignificant, unlabeled former dormitory on .Cam- bridge’s narrow Dunster Street there streamed this week hun- dreds of the United States’ most noted scholars on the Soviet Union.

They came to celebrate the 10th anniverscary of the world’s foremost center for scholarly study of the Soviet Union—the Russian Research Center at Harvard University.

The festivities and speeches took place at nearby Littauer Auditorium and at the Harvard

| \@ How.-bureaucrats .are re-. phasis has also.been placed on ‘cruited, trained, and advanced |collecting referente material. in their careers. |The library of the center is not | Exactly how the Soviet pric- | complete. It doesn't have to be, ing system works. © How recent Khrushchev or-/| scarcely a block away and the ders decentralizing industry and | largest university library in the reorganizing agricultural super- | world, shelves a Slavic section vision effect the national. econ-|Of some 65,000 titles, including omy. such noted collections as the Precisely how life is or-| Trotsky Archive of private pa- ganized for the one out of every | pers and the Kilgour collection two Soviet citizens who lives on | Of Russian literature. a collective farm. But the Dunster Street library © Where the line is drawn does have a comprehensive as- hetween decisions made at the sortment of basic Soviet refer- top and those made by regional | ence books and a representative and local officials—whether any | Selection of Soviet magazines “states rights” climate is’ build- | @Md newspapers. ing up. | In its short life the center has become the chief cornerstone of

Harvard's Widener Library,|

SE

eek

| ; |

ITOR, BOSTON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1958

Se %

I REE EMP

‘School Unit Favors

Around New England x

B, a Stag Writer of The Christian Science Monitor v

=

| Boston

A proposed single-salary schedule for the 3,400 teachers in Boston schools was endorsed last night by the salary adjust- ment board of the Boston School Department.

Philip J. Bond, one of the six assistant superintendents of schools comprising the salary board, outlined the schedule at a meeting of the School Committee. The committee adjourned without taking action, but will consider the schedule at another meeting tonight. Under the law, the committee must approve a preliminary budget before submission to Mayor Hynes before the last Monday in February.

Church Group Pushes Crime Curbs

By a Staff’ Writer of The Caristian Science Monttor

;

Single-Salary Scale

the dark retreat at 16 Dunster Street that the center and its Buests really marked the 10th anniversary. For it was there that the painstaking work of mapping the U.S.8.R. had taken place in some two-score spare- ly furnished offices

In a turbuient-decade--when the Slavic world has twice sur- prised the Western nations with its growing capacity, the Rus- sian Research Center has had to grow fast.

On Feb. 1, 1948, when it first opened its doors, the Soviet Union was a modern terra in- cognita to most Americans. This week in a commemorative ad- dress the center’s associate di- rector, Marshall D. Shuiman, was able to say with con- gsiderablé~ dssurance that the Churchillian description of the Soviet Union as an enigma in- side a riddle wrapped in a mys- tery is “out of date.”

Far From Finished

This is not to savy that the center’s dedicated, highly in- dividualistic eompany of scholars have finished unwrapping from their chosen subject all the Pravdas and assorted Sovetskaya newspapers that enshroud it. The directors of the center admit there are many gaps in the in- tricately detailed picture their long-distance scholarship has drawn of the Soviet Union.

They say, for instance, that accurate knowledge is lacking on:

ern academic interest in Soviet affairs. Columbia University’s Russian Institute, a year older

Most of these gaps are a di- rect result of the lack of direct scholarly exchange between East and West. Although the center’s researchists have been able to make 30-day visits behind the Iron Curtain in the past two Summers, and although the flow | of magazines and books has been freer in the post-Stalin era, there are vast areas of scholar- | ship which have remained ab- stract and lifeless because of this lack of on-the-spot experience. '

But what can be done the center has done. Besides being a home for its staff of top re- searchers and graduate students, it has acted as a kind of hostel for yisiting scholars from all over the world.

Almost every recognized au- thority on the Communist world has carried on a project, lec- tured, or merely visited and rubbed elbows with his fellows at the center.

' Harvard’s Middle Eastern and |

Far Eastern research centers have been either spawned by or patterned after the Russian Re- search Center.

30 Books Published

During its 10-year growth, the center’s scholars have pub- lished 30 books via the Har-| vard University Press. Four more are at the press. Some 350 magazine articles and chap- ters in survey books swell the listed output.

During this decade much em- |

j

eminent in the field of teaching, complementing Harvard's em- phasis on research.

Universities in Britain, France, and Germany, where Russian | studies declined during the post- war years, now have their schol- arship on the Communist world on the mend.

Other Centers in U.S.

In the United States. other is- lands of academic study on So- viet affairs are lIbcated at the universities of Indiana, Wash- ington, and California, with fur- ther islets at the universities of Michigan, Fordham, Syracuse ‘and Notre Dame. Alumni of the Russian Research Center itself |are scattered among 42, Ameri- can colleges.

In some fields the Harvard center surpasses even the re-

Union itself, These are mainly political science and sociological ' subjects, in which few Soviet scholars risk study because the final word has already been said by party theorists. "9 Moseow has its rough aca- demic counterpart of the center in its Institute for the Study of Contemporary World Capitalism ‘and its Academy of Sciences. Members of these institutions publicly find the work of Har-

===

Zi€ filene's

. BOSTON

“butterfly

yy

soft-dress in

wild-textured

vard and Columbia “colored by ideology,” and researchers at the Harvard center return the com- plaint,

East-West Contacts Grow

But ¢n recent years the con- tacts between these scholars of opposite backgrounds have be- +come wafmer. Recently, one of | the center's men finished ad- dressing the Soviet Academy of -Sciences and was astonished to hear a young girl ask him a question referring to a paper he had writteh 20 years ago.

ities on Soviet affairs in Wash- ington are reported to be friend-

| Department experts often visit

But the center does not tell Washington how to answer Marshal Bulganin’s letters. When it started in was the belief of the Carnegié Corporation, which supplied the

———

Courteous—

Taxicab Service

' '

Boston Cab

6-5010 |

than the Harvard Center, is pre- |

| search institutions of the Soviet.

Relations with official author- | ly, close, cooperative, but cor- |

head | om uae rest pe srs ae pw dng BO weeks to account for the

| meanwhile, 1948 it,

; man,

Dependable— |

| | .

aes re

By a Staff Photographer

Translations From the Russian at Harvard

‘Taras Butoff (left), a speciali

| for researchist-author Richard

'funds, and Harvard, which sup- ‘plied the initial staff of two full-time research associates, six faculty members on fart time, five graduate student fellows, ‘and a director, that the research | work would be mainly directed | toward the social sciences.

| Work started on that basis | under the center's first director, Clyde Kluck- hohn, who had directed teams 'of social scientists in research on the Japanese character dur- ing World War II.

Shift in Emphasis

Over the vears there has been some shifting of emphasis to- ward the traditional studies of history and politics—and an in- evitable trend toward matic, strategic, ment policy analysis.

Under its present director, the noted historian William L. Langer, the center has contin- ued a policy of promoting in- dividual. rather than team re- search. With the exception of a

‘enthropologist

‘refugees about life in the

| U.S.S-R., which was carried out

| from 1950 to 1954 by a team of

| 20 schclars, work has habitually been on a single basis.

The researchists are far from isolated, however, rubbing el- bows in the center’s lunch room and library, often talking in the corridors, or meeting in one an- others’ homes for intense, dedi- cated sessions.

Example Cited

Mr. Shulman gives an exam- _ple..Joseph. Berliner, he recalls, was working on a paper about Soviet factory managers. At lunch Merle Fainsod, sitting on one side of him, kept after him

role of the party in a manager's life. . Sociologist Alex Inkeles, persistently cate- chized Dr. Berliner on the posi- tion of these factorv men in So- viet society. Out of the lunch-

provincial press at Harvard’s Russian Research Center, checks some modern Russian syntax in the sputnik-bedecked Soviet magazine Ogoniok

diplo- | and govern- |

st on the Soviet two scholars

E. Pipes, The

-who can’t run a factory. After ‘all they are just an explicable human phenomenon.”

2. Its source material and on-